Skip to Questions

Ask a Librarian


What is the difference between a citation, abstract and full text?

Last Updated: Oct 03, 2014  |  3306 Views

Was this helpful? 4   0



"A citation identifies a book, periodical article, or other information resource. A citation will include the basic pieces of information necessary to allow you to find the article. That same information is used to create the list of references, or bibliography you will put in your research paper. Your instructor can then use the citations in the bibliography of your paper to identify and locate those same articles."


Enhao, G., Xiaoyun, W., & Rongsha, L. (2011). A Half-Blood Half-Pipe, A Perfect Performance. UMAP Journal, 32(2), 109-122.

An abstract is a brief summary of a book, periodical, or other resource.


"The article presents a study of a half-pipe which is a venue for extreme sports including snowboarding and skateboarding. It provides an overview on the concave ramps of a half-pipe which are topped by copings and decks including a transition and a vert. It also mentions the different terminology and definitions used in the study which include cycle, flight, and flight distance."

The full-text is the full book or article.  This usually refers to the online version of a book or article.

Answered by Julie ChapmanBookmark and Share

Other Answers / Comments (0)

    More Ways to Ask Us

    • a small icon
      Call us: 920-498-5493 or
      1-800-422-NWTC ext. 5493
    • a small icon
    • a small icon
      Text us: 920-288-2ASK

    Live Chat

    Sorry, chat is currently offline. Enter your question above to find an answer or to email your question to us.